From Learning Outcomes to Educational Possibilities—What Happens When Philosophical Community Inquiry “Works Wonders” with University Students in Taiwan

  • Jessica Ching-Sze Wang


Introduction: There have been concerns in higher education circles in Taiwan regarding students’ reluctance to participate in class discussion and their lack of ability to think independently about major societal issues. A government-funded study found that the main cause is students’ fear of “losing face,” and suggests a number of practical, culturally appropriate strategies for tackling this deep-seated problem, such as making student opinions anonymous and having students present group ideas instead of individual claims (Lee, 2013).